Definition of the word Hepatitis lies in its name which is made up of two words Hepat, meaning Liver and itis, meaning inflammation. Thus, Hepatitis is a condition in which there is Inflammation of the largest gland of the human body called, THE LIVER.
The liver is a vital organ of our body and plays a central role in all the metabolic activities. From cleaning blood to producing digestive juices and storage carbohydrates in the form of glycogen, it plays a pivotal role in all the major processes.
Hepatitis not only affects the normal functioning of the liver; it can also cause irreversible damage to the liver. Hepatitis is caused by various factors like viruses, drugs, certain chemicals and also alcohol abuse.
Here is all you need to know about Hepatitis types.
- Hepatitis A is also known as Infectious Hepatitis and is caused by Hepatitis A Virus and spreads via fecal contamination of food, utensils, toys or even clothing items.
- It is a mild form of Hepatitis and generally, children and young adults are prone to be affected by it.
- There is Loss of appetite, discomfort, nausea, and Jaundice associated with diarrhea and also fevers and chills in some cases.
- Most of the subjects recover easily within 4-6 weeks without any substantial liver damage.
- It is caused by the Hepatitis B Virus which spreads via contaminated syringes, transfusion equipment and also by unprotected sex.
- Sometimes body fluids like Saliva and tears of an infected person can also contribute to its spread.
- hepatitis B can be present in the body for years and can cause liver cirrhosis (Scarring of Liver) and also Liver Cancer possibly.
- Hepatitis C is clinically similar to Hepatitis B however; it is caused by the Hepatitis C Virus.
- It spreads via contact with the blood of the infected person.
- Just like Hepatitis B it also causes liver cirrhosis and possibly liver cancer also.
- Hepatitis D can also be stated as a transition of hepatitis B.
- There can be a possibility that the person was infected with Hepatitis B before contacting Hepatitis D Virus.
- It results in severe liver damage and more dangerous than Hepatitis B in causing mortality.
- It is caused by the Hepatitis E virus.
- It spreads like Hepatitis A via the fecal-oral route through various objects.
- Hepatitis E has a very high fatality rate in pregnant women.